Famouse Australian Studies




Australia is country that rests on the Australian continent in the Southern hemisphere. The Australian continent is the smallest continent. Australia for most of its history was home to native Australians until the discovery by Dutch settlers in 1606. Like European settlers have been doing all throughout history, they claimed Australia as their own upon their arrival and killed most of the indigenous Australians. The diseases the Europeans brought killed the remaining natives if war didn't. In 1642, dutch explorer Abel Tasman made a trip to Australia and discovered that Australia was made up of four coasts, the North, South, East, and West. To pay homage for his discovery the beautiful state of Tasmania was named in his honor. Post World War Two was a big time in Australian history when it comes to their economy. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants from around the word flocked to Australia around 1945. Most were immigrants and refugees.

Australia is a country of an array of different animal species. The most popular and frequent animal of Australia is the marsupial. Marsupials are mammals that have a pouch for their young to habitat after birth. Marsupials give birth really fast. Australia is home to 140 different species of marsupials. Some of these marsupials include the red kangaroo, eastern grey kangaroo, western grey kangaroo, whiptail wallaby, Tammar wallaby, antilopine wallaroo, black wallaroo, and the common wallaroo. Marsupials feed on mostly grass and shrubs. Australia is home to an array of carnivores and deadly predators. The Tasmanian devil is the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world. Tasmanian devil are sturdy, muscular marsupials that are typically the size of small dog. These predators can take down a kangaroo, but favors wombats, domestic animals, frogs, and some reptiles. The Boxed Jellyfish roams the NorthEast part of Australia and is very poisonous. The Northern Coast of Australia is also home to the largest reptile in the world, the saltwater crocodile. This monstrous crocodile has been known to randomly grow up to 7 meters long, but the average length is 4 meters long. Other predators known to Australia are the blue ring octopus, great white shark, red back spider, brown snake, and the tiger snake.

Australia has tens of thousands species of plants. The Southern corner of Australia and Western Australia has become infamous for its wide variety of wild flowers. Some of these wildflowers include blue Lechenaultia, Cotton tops, Slender Tetratheca, Prickly Hakea, Banksia, Southern Cross, Basket Flower, White Spider Orchid and Milk Maid. Australia is home to numerous amounts of Gum trees. Gum trees are some of the tallest trees in the world. The second tallest tree in the world is found in Australia, called the Mountain Ash.